Author Julie Casper, L. Ac., is a hTMA clinician and educator, she works with patients across the U.S. and internationally. In addition, she supports health professionals who are interested in adding clinical hTMA to their practice. Contact:

Immune Response Ability

Author: Julie Casper, L. Ac., hTMA clinician, C.H.E.K. Certified Corrective Exercise Therapist

The immune system is not one specific thing, but involves the interaction of specific molecular, chemical and cellular processes, along with psychological and neurological affects.

Robust Immune Function

The research of Dr. George Solomon (UCLA professor and pioneer in the field of psychoneuroimmunology) has found that people with balanced and resilient immune systems have the following personality traits. They all are signs of effective stress response ability.

Psychological Indicators of a Healthy Immune Capability

Immunology Overview

A nice, short, introduction to immunology, created by Armando Hasudungan (a student). For more on the role of phagocytes in innate or nonspecific immunity, please visit the Kahn Academy.

Cellular and Humoral Systems

The immune system is generally recognized as having two main controlling systems, cellular and humoral. The cell-mediated immune response involves specific cells that detect and destroy invading viral and bacterial organisms. This parasympathetic system is the primary defense against viral and fungal infections, tumor antigens and intracellular organisms. The humoral-mediated immune response involves macromolecules found in extracellular fluids (humours, or body fluids). This sympathetic system is the primary defense against bacterial infection.

Disease Manifestations and Immune Responses

Sympathetic Parasympathetic
(Increased Humoral Response) (Increased Cellular Response)
Rheumatoid Arthritis Osteoarthritis
Allergies (Histamine) Allergies (Low Histamine)
Hyperthyroidism Hypothyroidism
Cushing's Disease Addison's disease
Juvenile Diabetes Adult Onset Diabetes
Bacterial Infections Viral Infections
Hypoparathyroidism Hyperparathyroidism
Multiple Sclerosis (true) Multiple Sclerosis (False)
Parkinson's Disease Yeast and Fungus
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis AIDS
Anxiety Depression
Malignancies (fast growing, metastatic) Malignancies (slow growing tumors)

Determining Immune System Competence

A fully functioning and resilient immune response requires that there is a balance between these two main controlling immune responses. If one is dominant over the other, the body becomes susceptible to infection. The nutritional status of the body determines the competence of the immune system. This balance is achieved largely through optimum nutrition. hTMA, when properly performed and interpreted, can substantially contribute to the assessment and maintenance of optimum nutritional status of the individual. hTMA may also contribute to the determination of sympathetic or parasympathetic dominance, thereby, providing an easily obtained and economic test for determining individual susceptibility to disease, reaction to xenobiotics, and immune regulation.

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